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Architectural Conservancy Ontario

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Architectural Conservancy Ontario

The past. Our present. Your future.

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Thunderbird Mound

LAST UPDATE: October 8 2021

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Thunderbird Mound from the east in September 2021.

Thunderbird Mound from the east in September 2021.

AT RISK INFORMATION
At risk status:
This building is at risk

Info:

Thunderbird Mound is at risk of erosion and damage due to pedestrians climbing and traversing it. A complete lack of on-site signage and public documentation expose this human-made geographical heritage structure and burial ground to unchecked harm and deterioration.

BUILDING INFORMATION
Name & Location
Thunderbird Mound
2 Varsity Road
Lambton Baby Point, York

OTHER IDENTIFICATION
Notes:

Located in the northeastern corner of Magwood Park across from 2 Varsity Road, Thunderbird Mound is a human-made geographical structure and burial site dating to at least 1500 BCE and likely earlier. It was constructed in intermittent layers by generations of several different local Indigenous peoples, possibly including the Adena, the Hopewell, and other ancestors of the Haudenosaunee and the Wendat. The mound is home to many ancient deciduous trees, including large red oaks, white oaks, beeches, black ashes, and one large yellow birch, whose broad root systems help hold the formation in place.

Despite being a registered archeological site, Thunderbird Mound currently lacks public signage, documentation, or any on-site recognition of its significance. Because of this, pedestrians often unknowingly climb and tread on the mound causing erosion, damage, and generally fostering a disconnect with its history and heritage. 

Status:
Completed

Year Completed:
1500 BCE

Map:
Loading Map

Companies:
No data at this time

BUILDING DATA
Type:
Burial mound

Current use:
Grave site

Sources:

Sources

  1. Baby Point: The Place Where We Live
    Author - Pamela M. Slaughter, Dr. Robert D. Galway
    Date - 2013
    Page - 23-24
    More information

  2. THUNDERBIRD MOUND - Ancient and Sacred Site in the Heart of Toronto, Canada
    Author - Christopher Russak, Dr. Robert D. Galway, Cassondra Burnaby, Eliza Knockwood (YouTube)
    Date - June 6, 2015
    More information

  3. Bear & Thunderbird Mounds
    Author - Taiaiako’n Historical Preservation Society
    Date - January 4, 2008
    Document - Bear & Thunderbird Mounds_Prepared by Rastia’ta’non:ha

  4. Iroquois origins of modern Toronto and Aboriginal Burial Mounds
    Author - Baby Point Heritage Foundation
    Document - Iroquois origins of modern Toronto and Aboriginal Burial Mounds_Baby Point Heritage Foundation

  5. Ancient Iroquoian Burial Mounds
    Author - Taiaiako’n Historical Preservation Society
    Document - Ancient Iroquoian Burial Mounds_Taiaiako’n Historical Preservation Society

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